Black youth and mass media current research and emerging questions

Publishers would prefer to integrate their own paywalls and price points within the Apple News app. Ultimately insiders say Apple may wish to bundle news, music and its new TV investments into a powerful alternative to Amazon Prime. Apple gears up for more bundling; Amazon Prime deals with the Washington Post. With subscription unlikely to work for all, interest in alternative models is growing. Over a million people have given a one-off or continuing donation over the last three years and this could help the Guardian break even in Donations work well for organisations with a clear political ideology, providing a substantial amount of income for partisan UK websites like the Canary and Novara Media.

But giving money to a purely commercial organisation seems to be a harder sell. Newsrooms across Europe have started to employ dedicated fundraisers and set up philanthropic business units. In , we will see a lot more foundations move into supporting journalism. This will not be as part of a PR or communication strategy, but as an investment into an infrastructure they all rely on.

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Similarly, more news organisations will realise that philanthropic investment can give breathing space to revenue model experimentation, or fund under-resourced areas of reporting often science, health, or investigations. Donation models could be supercharged this year by government initiatives to allow media companies to benefit from tax incentives when receiving charitable donations.

The industry should do more to save itself. Commercial companies will increasingly have to deal with these dilemmas as it become clearer that parts of their traditional business are subject to market failure. How to combine commercial and public models will be an increasingly important part of the next phase of the digital news journey.

Determinants of social media usage among a sample of rural South African youth

Where can the media expect most help in ? Who do you think are most likely to provide significant additional support for journalism in ? The weakness of western media may not just be a problem for the companies themselves. It is striking that many authoritarian countries are investing directly in media and propaganda like never before. China, for example, is opening a new state of the art European TV hub in west London at the start of and will be pumping out news with a Chinese perspective in multiple languages — even as western news agencies and media companies are forced to scale back their foreign reporting:.

The Governments in countries which are currently not [at] the forefront of liberalism show great interest in providing money for media. Digital and social media has incentivised poor quality, repetitive and shallow journalism — so say the critics. But how might this change if readers set the agenda rather than advertisers? Could less journalism be better for society and create more impact? It will largely ignore breaking news but tackle four or five stories each day through its website, app and newsletter. Tortoise Media Thinkin, December Source: author photo.

Understanding Media Influence on African American Youth

Tortoise is targeting 40, paying subscribers by the end of the year, but will supplement this with sponsorship and regular live events. De Correspondent is billed as an antidote to the endless scroll of digital platforms and the stream of news notifications. Like Tortoise, it taps into a desire to slow down, to consume deeper and more meaningful journalism, but also to connect with like-minded people.

Until now, the slow news movement has been limited in terms of its impact and scale — but there is no doubting the ambition of these two projects. It will be fascinating to see if these bold experiments in journalism can reach beyond a small number of concerned citizens and ultimately make enough money to survive. News organisations have traditionally been highly competitive at every level but could that change in ?

Ep. 1016 FADE to BLACK Jimmy Church w/ An0maly : Mass-Media and Fake News : LIVE

More co-operation could help create the scale to counter platform power and defray the costs of ever more complex technology. International journalistic collaborations have also demonstrably created impact around subjects such as the Panama Papers, while Bureau Local in the UK has shown the value of combining centralised data collection and analysis with strong local reporting. Fact-checking initiatives such as Comprova in Brazil and Verificado in Mexico have forced newsrooms to work together in new ways at election time.

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News organisations have traditionally been competitive, but should that change? To what extent do you agree that they should …? Broadly I think publishers should look to a model where we share technology which solves our common issues and then use our journalism to differentiate our output. The Washington Post has been making the running on technology with its ARC Publishing Platform, which it has built from scratch to build pages, manage paywalls, test headlines, distribute content post to outside platforms, as well as collecting and analysing data.


But lining up customers willing to pay six- and seven-figure sums for publishing technology may be a tall order in a digital media industry where money is in short supply. Meanwhile a range of other publisher initiatives is likely to progress further in The Ozone Project is a standalone non-profit business that is trying to solve issues that affect everyone — saving time and money for all.

As one example, it is developing a common taxonomy for content that allows advertising to be sold in a consistent way across titles. Expect more publishers to sign up in Publisher initiatives are also progressing around trying to forge a common login. In Germany 20 publishers, e-commerce operators and ISPs have got together to create a trusted alternative to Facebook or Google login systems. The Net ID alliance hopes to provide a single location for consumers to manage their preferences around privacy and advertising consent. Publishers know that a more personalised future depends on direct relationships while the prospect of a new EU e-Privacy Regulation, 44 which could make it harder to use cookies to identify users, is also spurring publishers in France 45 and Portugal 46 to find better ways to identify users with appropriate consent.

The explosion of content and the intensity of the hour news cycle have put huge pressure on individual journalists over the last few years.


This at a time when the relative status and pay of journalists has declined compared with other professions. Concern about talent and burnout in the newsroom. Looking at the detailed results, burnout concerns were most keenly felt in editorial roles whereas talent attraction and retention issues applied particularly to product and technical roles.

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For technical and IT staff, we struggle to meet market levels pay, conditions, career opportunities. Swiss publisher. Leading a group of product, UX and tech, News and Media is a long way from first choice for most talented staff. Product Head, leading UK publisher.

Some publishers report a growing tension between the pay levels of technical staff and those of journalists. Meanwhile radio broadcasters report difficulties in retaining editorial talent with the boom in podcasts opening up new opportunities for presenters and producers. The issue of gender equality has been a focus in the last year in the UK where media companies were forced to reveal pay gaps between men and women for the first time. Press Gazette analysis showed that 91 per cent of UK-based media companies paid men more than women and that men occupied the vast majority of senior roles.

And in the US, there is an increasing focus on political diversity with many newsrooms accused of anti-Trump bias and being out of touch with middle America. The vast majority of our industry is populated with liberals. The world is not as overwhelmingly liberal as the news industry, making us a bit out of step with a good number of potential paying readers.

What are we going to do about that? In expect to more awareness of the link between diversity and business success. Colleagues helped build up lists of high profile women in finance while Bloomberg launched a New Voices initiative to give media training to women executives. In a Twitter thread, Bartenstein argues 48 that this has given him a competitive advantage and leads to more interesting and higher impact stories. Gender awareness thread; gender equality tracker United States. Diversity metrics: More newsrooms will start to use automated tools like Prognosis see figure above that monitor gender and ethnic diversity of content on websites by counting the names of interviewees 49 or analysing pictures.

This awareness in turn will make editors more aware of their own biases. The Financial Times has created a dashboard that monitors the reading habits of existing female subscribers to encourage editors to create more content that might appeal to women. One unexpected by-product was that this newsletter also proved a hit with disengaged male readers. Publishers tell us that they are planning to invest more this year in harnessing the potential of Artificial Intelligence AI and Machine Learning ML — but not at the expense of editors and journalists.

Editors still matter more than machines, say editors. To what degree do you agree with the following statements? We always need more journalists. However we must also invest in technology to help those journalists be as efficient as possible so they can pursue the work with the highest impact.