To illustrate how such essay should be written, we have chosen October Revolution as an example. So, in order to write high quality cause and effect essay, you do not have to analyze the topic in details.
All you have to do is to choose a couple of key elements and discuss them. Let us see how cause and effect writing should be done and make a detailed description of the chosen issues. As a result, it led to the fact that the Empire lost many young soldiers. The members of the Provisional Government could not improve the situation and did not achieve better results during the WWI.
Causes of Plagiarism | Writing Commons | Kent State University
Such waste of resources both material and human made the citizens of the Empire angry and dissatisfied. Living Conditions. Living conditions were unbearable for both city workers and peasants. They struggled to survive, while the elite used the resources for their personal needs and pleasure. Such situation was not acceptable for people who had almost nothing, while the others had everything. Political Repression.
The issue of political freedoms in the Russian Empire was a reason of numerous debates. Those individuals who did not agree with the position of the leaders were repressed and killed. Based on the topic chosen above October Revolution , we will show how to write a cause and effect essay correctly. The first thing that has to be done is explanation of effects. It should be done making links to the identified causes of the problems under discussion.
6 Consequences of Plagiarism
Second, concentrate only on the most important moments. Do not make your writing too complicated by using too many facts. There are numerous reasons behind Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in However, in order to understand the essence of the event, we will discuss three core elements, which include living conditions, war and political repressions. The elements were chosen for a reason that they formed a basis for unrest among people, who could not stand the conditions they lived in anymore.
As a result, the combinations of the given three factors lead to Revolution, which changed the world history, as well as the lives of millions of Russian Empire citizens…. There are different opinions regarding what made Fyodor Dostoevsky change his mind regarding revolution becoming skeptical towards this question.
Being a potential revolutionary, the writer suddenly became an Orthodox Christian, which could not remain unseen. The reason of such transformation can be found in some specific live moments of a writer. Some of them included the death of his father, who was killed by the peasants, the order to execute the writer himself, which, though, was cancelled by the tsar, the imprisonment of the writer and the days poverty he had to suffer. Without doubt, such events changed Fyodor Dostoevsky not only as a personality but also as a writer….
The elements we have chosen are repression, living conditions and war.
The Field Of Tesol, The Causes And Prevention Of Plagiarism
Footnotes and Bibliography. All the sources which have been consulted in the preparation of an essay or report should be listed in a bibliography, unless specific guidelines from the academic department or instructor request that only works cited be so included. However, the mere listing of a source in a bibliography shall not be considered a proper acknowledgment for specific use of that source within the essay or report.
With regard to essays, laboratory reports, or any other written work submitted to fulfill an official academic requirement, the following is considered academic fraud:. Therefore, Napolitano not only plagiarized, but also submitted a false statement claiming as her own work quotations from the book without the indicia of quotations. Note that Princeton's definition of plagiarism does not require an intent to deceive the reader. Anthony Lamberis, an attorney in Illinois, was enrolled in classes in an LL.
In , he submitted a thesis that was rejected as unsatisfactory. In , he submitted a page thesis, of which 47 pages were "substantially verbatim" from two sources that Lamberis did not cite. His professors detected the plagiarism in June Lamberis attempted to resign from the law school, but Northwestern University expelled him, then reported him to the Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Commission.
In an attorney disciplinary proceeding based on this conduct the Hearing Board found that the respondent had "knowingly plagiarized" the two published works and that this plagiarism constituted "conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation" violating the Illinois Code of Professional Responsibility DR A 4 Illinois State Bar Association The Hearing Board recommended that the respondent be censured.
The Review Board adopted the Hearing Board's findings of fact, but recommended in a closely divided vote that the respondent receive a suspension of six months. In re Lamberis, N. Paul Haugh was suspended from a private high school for plagiarism. The high school notified colleges that had accepted Haugh of the plagiarism. Haugh then sued in federal district court alleging breach of contract and libel. Haugh "failed to offer any evidence whatsoever to refute the charge of plagiarism.
Furthermore, they did not, either in their pleadings or in their proof, ever assert that the charges of plagiarism or of lying were untrue. The district court granted the school's motion for summary judgment. Michael Hand "earned" a Ph. In the Fall of an anonymous tipster sent to the University a copy two scholarly sources that Hand had plagiarized in his dissertation.
In April , the University rescinded the Ph. Hand v.
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Matchett, F. Sanderson was an undergraduate student in his final year at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville who plagiarized a paper that he submitted both for the requirements of a class and a research paper contest. Further, Sanderson "used an unpublished master's thesis as a source[,] but that he failed to cite that source anywhere in the paper.
An administrative law judge ALJ held a hearing. The Chancellor of the University reviewed the record and reversed the decision of the ALJ, affirmed the failing grade, and suspended Sanderson for one year.
Sanderson then sued in court. Both the chancery court and an appellate court affirmed the Chancellor's decision. The Chancellor and the two courts agreed that the appropriate definition of plagiarism was the one issued by Sanderson's professor at the beginning of the semester, not the definition in Black's.
The professor's definition was simply "using an author's words or ideas without giving credit", so intent of the plagiarist was properly not an issue. Sanderson v. Yu was a tenured professor of civil engineering at the University of Utah. The Academic Freedom and Tenure Committee at that University concluded that Yu had failed to give credit to a co-author, which was one instance of plagiarism. The University of Utah Committee recommended that Yu be suspended for one year without pay.
The president of the University accepted this recommendation, but Yu appealed to the internal grievance committee. The grievance committee remanded to the Academic Freedom and Tenure Committee, which on its second hearing recommended that Yu be permanently dismissed from the University, and the president accepted that recommendation.
Yu then filed suit in federal district court, which found that "there was ample evidence to support the charges of plagiarism and that termination was permissible under the university's regulations. The court dismissed the action sua sponte.
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Peterson, 13 F. Yu appealed and the Court of Appeals affirmed the district court. Jamil Hanifi plagiarized material from a book and an essay in his doctoral dissertation at Southern Illinois University in Hanifi later published "his" dissertation in a book, of which "three of the nine substantive chapters Southern Illinois University learned of the plagiarism in At that time, Hanifi was a professor of anthropology at Northern Illinois University, who was being considered as a new chairman of the department. Tersely summarizing a long recital in the court's opinion, Hanifi was given the choice of resigning or being fired, Hanifi chose to resign.
Hanifi then filed litigation that alleged that his resignation had been coerced.
Hanifi v. Board of Regents, WL Ill. The court concluded that Hanifi had failed to prove that his resignation had been coerced. Note the court's final sentence about the bad character of a plagiarist:. What happens if plagiarism, or other academic misconduct, is discovered after a degree has been awarded?