Assagioli accredited much of his inspiration for Psychosynthesis to his month-long incarceration in solitary confinement in He used his time in prison to exercise his mental will by meditating daily. He concluded that he was able to change his punishment into an opportunity to investigate his inner-Self. In the December issue of Psychology Today ,  Assagioli was interviewed by Sam Keen , in which Assagioli discussed the differences between Freudian psychoanalysis and Psychosynthesis:.
We pay far more attention to the higher unconscious and to the development of the transpersonal self.
Psychosynthesis by Roberto Assagioli M D
In one of his letters Freud said, "I am interested only in the basement of the human being. We try to build an elevator which will allow a person access to every level of his personality. After all, a building with only a basement is very limited. We want to open up the terrace where you can sun-bathe or look at the stars. Our concern is the synthesis of all areas of the personality. That means Psychosynthesis is holistic, global and inclusive. It is not against psychoanalysis or even behavior modification but it insists that the needs for meaning, for higher values, for a spiritual life, are as real as biological or social needs.
We deny that there are any isolated human problems. Assagioli noted that Carl Jung , "of all modern psychotherapists, is the closest in theory and practice to psychosynthesis",  and further expanded on the similarities between his own and Jung's views:. We regard man as a fundamentally healthy organism in which there may be temporary malfunctioning. Nature is always trying to re-establish harmony, and within the psyche the principle of synthesis is dominant.
Irreconcilable opposites do not exist. The task of therapy is to aid the individual in transforming the personality and integrating apparent contradictions.
Both Jung and myself have stressed the need for a person to develop the higher psychic functions, the spiritual dimension. Perhaps the best way to state our differences is with a diagram of the psychic functions. Jung differentiates four functions: sensation, feeling, thought, and intuition.
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Our view can be visualized like this: We hold that outside imagination or fantasy is a distinct function. There is also a group of functions that impels us toward action in the outside world. This group includes instincts, tendencies, impulses, desires, and aspirations. And here we come to one of the central foundations of Psychosynthesis: There is a fundamental difference between drives, impulses, desires, and the will.
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In the human condition there are frequent conflicts between desire and will. And we will place the will in a central position at the heart of self-consciousness or the Ego. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page.
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He was a contemporary and colleague of both Freud and Jung and had studied the work of both schools associated with them. This book contains many of his early writings describing psychosynthesis and its application to psychotherapy and self improvement. It is an essential work for understanding the principles, techniques and application of psychosynthesis both as applied in various clinical settings as well as for the personal growth of the reader.
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Chapter 11: Growth Resources in Psychosynthesis
Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Apr 14, Murray rated it really liked it Shelves: coaching , psychology , spirituality. A ground-breaking book from one of the great unsung heroes of last century. Assagioli is not that well known but he founded an accessible approach to human psychology and therapy that was spiritual without dogma. That in itself is a remarkable achievement.
He was from those who met him a remarkable communicator. He was not - in my view - a brilliant writer and his books do show evidence of having been put together from the notes he habitually made. In other words this is perhaps not the b A ground-breaking book from one of the great unsung heroes of last century. In other words this is perhaps not the best 'how to do it' book on Psychosynthesis others like Piero Ferrucci have achieved that.
Yet this book is full of wonderful ideas for all those who are interested in human potential and psychology. Trained in psychoanalysis but unsatisfied by what he regarded as its incompleteness as a whole, Assagioli felt that love, wisdom, creativity, and will, were all important components that should be included in psychoanalysis.
Roberto Assagioli - New World Encyclopedia
Assagioli said, "Psychosynthesis presupposes psychoanalysis, or rather, includes it as a first and necessary stage. However, Assagioli disagreed with theories formulated by Sigmund Freud that he considered limiting.
He refused to accept Freud's reductionism and neglect of the positive dimensions of the personality. Psychosynthesis became the first approach, born of psychoanalysis that also included the artistic, altruistic and heroic potentials of the human being. Assagioli's work was more in alignment with psychologist, Carl Jung.
Both Assagioli and Jung validated the importance of the spiritual level of human existence.