During the war, however, the clashes of the navies captivated the country in much the same way as did the epic battles You feel that they are drawn by a ready and skillful hand; one who thoroughly understands himself and his art…. His conception is clear, sharp, and distinct in his mind before he puts pencil to paper.
He knows the grouping of every figure, the expression of every face. If he wants a tree in a Brady has done something to bring home to us the terrible reality and earnestness of war. If he has not brought bodies and laid them in our dooryards and along the streets, he has done something very like it. Here are Between and , Forbes' skilled hand captured some of the war's major battles, including Second Manassas, Antietam, Chancellorsville Incorporated in , she became a vibrant river town, pivotal railroad center, and thriving commercial port.
For many Civil War soldiers, mail call was the highlight of the day. All at once the band over there stops, and a rebel battery opens with grape. Very few of our men are exposed, so the enemy wasted his ammunition; while our band continues its playing, all the more earnestly until all their shelling is over.
Another such account of music played during the battle of Gettysburg was recalled by J. Leinbach, leader of the 26th North Carolina Regiment band:. About 6 o'clock [in the morning, the bands of the 26th and 11th North Carolina regiments] played together for some time, heavy firing going on meanwhile.
Our playing seemed to do the men good, for they cheered us lustily. We learned some time afterwards, from Northern papers, that our playing had been heard by the enemy, amid the noise of the cannon. A British observer, J.
The War Of The American Civil War
Freemantle, poised in a tree near Lee's headquarters on Seminary Ridge, also heard the music. When the cannonade was at its height a Confederate band of music between the cemetery and ourselves, began to play polkas and waltzes, which sounded very curious, accompanied by the hissing and bursting of shells. Of this band and the regiment to which it was attached its leader, Frank Rauscher, wrote: "It was in , when President Abraham Lincoln made the first call for three hundred thousand volunteers for three years' service, in response to which Charles H.
Collis, then a young man and enthusiastic in the cause of the Union, promptly raised a company of splendid material for the full term. The uniform adopted for the dashing members was that of the French Zouave d'Afrique, and besides pleasing their fancy very much, it attracted a number of men to join the company who had seen actual service in the French army, several of whom were French Alsatians.
The Uniform adopted for the regiment was precisely like that of the original company--red pants, Zouave jacket, white leggings, blue sash around the waist, and white turban.
Why The American Civil War Is Important Essay
The material for these uniforms was all imported from France, and special arrangements were made to secure a sufficient supply of the same to replenish the uniforms during the whole term of service. There were other Zouave regiments in the army, but as soon as their uniforms became badly worn, they were required to don the regulation blue. The officers of the th were men of pride and culture, as well as courage, and therefore determined to have a full brass band.
Concerning the band it may be here stated, that about one year before the war broke out, a number of young men formed a cornet band in Germantown. When the band was started [Capt.
Elliot of Germantown] became a helpful friend of the project, subscribing liberally toward procuring instruments, and afterward assisted in supplying the members with uniforms. Subsequent events. As bandsmen served as hospital corpsmen, these Zouaves may have been members of Rauscher's band.
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Among the more vivid recollections of this often hazardous duty is that of a Massachusetts musician, John D. Whitcomb: "I put some considerable value on the service of the band in the several affairs the regiment was engaged in as an Ambulance Corps. The mere fact of one member of the band being twice required to cross the line of fire of both forces, undoubtedly saved the lives of several members of our own regiment from the fire of one of our own batteries, several members of our own regiment having already been killed by the unfortunately located battery.
The bandsmen had been well taught by the surgeon how to give first aid to the wounded, and how to use stretchers, bandages and tourniquets. We were to go with the regiment into battle, rescue the wounded, if possible, and carry them to the field hospital. We were liable to be sent as messengers on dangerous errands.
The Causes of the American Civil War Essay Example
Listen to this page. Back to top. Delaware held 1,; Maryland held 87,; and Virginia the most with , slaves, owned by 52, slaveholders. There were 3, slaves in Washington, D. Generally, it has not been recognized that in Southern states, along with the 4 million slaves, there were about , free African Americans. While they did not have equal rights, many were successful business people and some were extensive slaveholders themselves. Many in the government and politics hemmed and hawed over the process and implementation.
In , General Benjamin Franklin Butler, while in Command at Fort Monroe, a Union stronghold at the tip of the Virginia Peninsula, did not want to return three slaves that presented themselves at the fort. All over the battlefront, runaway slaves began presenting themselves to Union forces.
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The Union instituted a policy of hiring, and using them in the war effort. It declared that any property used by the Confederate military, including slaves, could be confiscated by Union forces. To put teeth into the act, Congress passed a law in March prohibiting the return of slaves. Union officers took the initiative to actually free slaves. General John C. Fremont in August declared that the slaves owned by Confederates in his conquered territory in Missouri were free.
The order was negated by Lincoln, and Fremont was fired. He was replaced by General David Hunter.